The identity is a very muddling term and has a lot of explanations and definitions from different perspectives, from sociology to history and philosophy. For instance, Jean-Pierre Warnier claims that the identity is “a combination of action, language and culture repertories that allows a person to identify his/her belongings with a social group”. As a conclusion, we could say that there are lots of identities worldwide, with their own features and ideologies. At this point, it is confirmed and assumed that there is not a real problem with this concept, but the problema could be seen when two identities do not understand each other and the confrontation starts. In fact, this is what currently is happening in Israel between Palestinians and Israelis. To show the real reach of the issue I am going to take three articles from national newspaper( La escalada de violencia desata tensiones xenófobas en Israel published by El Pais in october 22, Kerry confía en que la tensión se rebaje tras reunirse con Netanyahu by El Pais in october 22, and Israel advierte de que habrá “tolerancia cero” a los ataques transfronterizos y el tráfico de armas en Siria by Europa Press in november 3 of 2015) one from an noth-american source (The Facebook Intifada published in the New York Times in november 3 of 2015) and, finally, one from Al-Monitor, a middle east focused website, called Will social media spark a third intifada? and published in october 12 of 2015
SCOPE OF THE CONFLICT
As in the previous paragraph, it is said that there is a problem when two or more identities face each other so that confrontation creates a tension and a rivalry between them. At Israel, the situation is more complex than that because there are a lot of wars and years of confrontation beneath the conflict. However, these days´ confrontation does not only affect israelis and palestinians, it has also affect other ethnic groups and migrants like people who came from Africa (Egypt, Argelia,…). Even people from the same ethnic groups have to fight one with each other (jewish people in this case). This shows the chaotic situation in Israel that has led to an increase of the xenofobia among the Israelis, as it is claimed at an article written at El País called “La escalada de violencia desata tensiones xenófobas en Israel´´.
In addition, the same newapaper at the same day published an article which indicated the efforts of United States of America (USA) to finish the conflict through an interview between Israel´s primer minister Benjamin Netanyahu and the USA´s secretary John Kerry which shows that this conflict is not a one country´s issue but a worldwide one. Kerry also has warmly requested a decrease of violence, specially at Jerusalem where the situation starts to be critical. However, it seems that this interview has not had a big impact in the short-term because the confrontation has not decrease in the last week.
On the other hand, Israelis have a big problem with the islamic terrorism of Syria because Israel is a country that connects Egypt and Iran with Syria, which is big issue for Israel. As Europa Press claimed at an article called Israel advierte de que habrá “tolerancia cero” a los ataques transfronterizos y el tráfico de armas en Siria Israel´s secretary of defense Moshe Yaalon has indicated that they will try to stop this “comercialization´´ between terrorist and they will strongly fight and overcome the problems caused by the terrorists at their own country. This shows that Israel has to face both internal problems and external problems.
IMPACT AT SOCIAL NETWORKS
Another interesting field affected by the Arab-Israeli conflict is the social media and, specially, Facebook. In an article written by Micah Lakin, a chief ejecutive of a comercial finance company based in Tel Aviv, called The Facebook Intifada he explains the effect of the social media on the population by putting an example of his murdered father, who was a well-known person because of his conciliatory personality and intentions to solve the issues between Arabs and Israelis. This dead quickly became a trending topic at lots of social networks, as his son confirms in the article by saying Sickeningly, my father, too, became a viral hit on Palestinian social media: Hours after he was shot and stabbed, a video re-enactment of the attack was posted online celebrating the gruesome incident, and calling on more young Palestinians to go out and murder Jews (Lakin, 2012). Due to this situation, he claims that some organisations and companies must take more legal actions against some offensive and trouble maker contents in social networks. To strenght his arguments, he mentions a social network (Reddit) which has a system of banning inadequate content on its application.
Related to this, an article written by Mazal Mualem might light up something more about the reach of the social networks in the conflict. The article was published in Al-Monitor and it was called Will social media spark a third intifada?. The form of the article is an interview with Orit Perlov, a social media analyst on trends in the Arab world, at the Institute for National Security Studies. The interview is divided into 9 main questions which try to explain and discuss how much does Internet affect to Young people and if this has relation with the social acts committed by them. Perlov says things like over the past few years we have seen how the Internet helps to stimulate people to act. This statement shows that the social network´s influence also is seen by people from middle east.