Bullying is defined as violence, both physical and verbal or mental, conducted among students for a continuous period of time, it can come from a single individual or group. It is increasingly common that this bullying comes through social networks. From numerous government entities, such as the ombudsman, there have been a lot of studies showing that, for example, in 2008 nearly a 25% of students aged between 11 and 15 years had suffered bullying. Although that percentage has been reduced to almost half, thanks, among others, the study of Thormod Idsoe or detailed study of Araceli Oñate and Inaki Piñuel. There is a fact that must be emphasized, is that nearly 80% of minors who commit suicide are a result of bullying, a truly alarming fact.
There is research that suggests that bullying can lead to having PTSD and that victims need long-term help. One such study is the University of Stavanger in Norway, after watching nearly 1,000 teenagers, victims of bullying, found that nearly half of them had symptoms of PTSD. They also found that girls were more likely than boys of suffering.
After these findings, psychologist Thormod Idsoe, one of the greatest luminaries in this area, stressed that it is necessary to take into account and are extremely surprising. It ensures that students who usually remember painful images will be less able to concentrate in class. This is very difficult to observe by teachers and parents as they usually suffer in silence.
Another problem that is also beginning to show more and more is the possibility that bullying may be affecting the genes of children who do not have. This theme Marta Lorenzo faces in his article “Bullying marking in the genes.” In this paper, the author explains that bullying can cause suffering that victims are more likely to suffer mental health problems during their lifetime. Explained to suffer bullying can change a related gene mood, you can go along aggravating life. It also explains that the environment in which the victim moves may influence the response to bullying.
Nowadays, the largest study in Spain has been maked by Araceli Oñate and Inaki Piñuel, members of the Institute of Educational Innovation and Leadership Development for the company Mobbing Research. In this study we have surveyed nearly 25,000 students between 7 and 17 years in Spain. The most important result of this study is that “one in four children suffers from some form of bullying.” This report has created a social alarm, thinking that the report was unreliable or exaggerated. Some education authorities consider that only cases that are reported are relevant, this assertion brand Mr. Piñuel as totally erroneous, noting that if only the cases reported as real only applies to fool the company are made. As happens in gender violence, if only to take account of complaints, the problem would be much lower than it actually is. Furthermore, this study points out that more than 50% of patients suffering post-traumatic stress or depression.
The problem also lies in the type of solutions that are given to these cases and those responsible for intermediating them. Piñuel insists that institutions should admit that there are cases in almost all schools. No school wants these cases exist in their schools, so they tend to deny it. This is nothing more than a way to despise the student who suffer this harassment. Piñuel and Oñate out that school counselors often advise the change of school by the bullied student, “dead dog rabies is over” says Piñuel. Allowing the stalker go unpunished in the same school, which leads to further harassment.
- Iñaki Piñuel and Araceli Oñate, 2006, Informe Cisneros X: Acoso y violencia en España.
- Marta Lorenzo, 2012, El acoso escolar deja huella en los genes