Social Action Now!

An objective view to worldwide social issues

Category Archives: Catastrophes

Islamic State appearance

The Islam fanatics have become an icon of the Terrorism on the recents days in occidental countries. These “representants” of the muslim culture have become stronger with the years, even becoming a little new empire who tries to emulate and to recover what the ancient muslims conquered all over the continent. How did it start? What are they doing? And most importantly. What is Europe doing against it?

1. Where did it start?

It started in a prision called Bucca in Iraq, due to the insurgency that was all along the country because of the US presence in the country after the several wars that happened. This ended with an alliance between islamic extremists and some loyal people to Saddam Hussein. This coalition was what we now call the ISIS, and those prisoners are now the leaders of that state, such as Abu Bakr al Baghdadi.

2. Methods

Their main way of imposing their thoughts is by the terror itself. Massive killings in the most horrible ways of the people who oppose them, such as soldiers, or even civilians that do not have the same conception of religion of them. These massive killings are, mostly, recorded and shared via internet, arriving in that way to our countries, in which we are not used to these brutalities. Most of the recordings of the terrorist show us massive decapitations as the main execution way.

They are also capting young people from European countries to go to the Sirian territories to train them in the war, in the weapon use and also to brainwash them even more. Then, tehy are sent back and they await for an opportunity to act in the name of the ones who sent the back here to Europe.

3. Charlie Hebdo attack

On 7th January 2015, the terrorists made their first killing in Europe, enetring the journal Charlie Hebdo and killing 10 journalists and two policemen. After a huge police following, they trapped and kill the terrorists in northern France. This made the European community to be more aware of what was the menace of the islamic terrorism in Europe and new measures were taken.

Also another killing and a kidnap occurred those days when a man killed a policewoman and kidnapped some people in a jewish supermarket. After five hours, policemen killed him, but for people died in the assault of the shop.

4. Europe answers

This is, in theory, an answer for the European and US attacks in the Sirian war, in favour of the governments and against the rebelds. The hate goes even further than because of the religion, but to politics.

Europe has increased his defense methods for the terrorists committing killings, and to prevent them to come back from the training fields in Yemen, but this is very difficult. Recently, with the killing in the Charlie Hebdo journal, the security is getting even bigger, also talking about closing the frontiers inside the European Community and also making the controls harder to evade. This is very difficult to control, but the only thing we can do against it.

Another thing that Europe is trying us to figure out is that muslims aren’t the guilties of these attacks. The ones who act in this way are just terrorists who use the religion as a reason to make others suffer. They are not muslims, and the European governments are trying us to remember this before blaming them.

5. References

– Ward, Clarissa (4th November 2014), retrieved 13/01/2015 from

– Gryboski, Michael (15th August 2014), retrieved 13/01/2015 from

– Lister, Tim (13th June 2014). retrieved 13/01/2015 from

– SCG news(28th August 2015), retrieved 13/01/2015 from


Facts that you probably don’t know about Word War I

The Word War I or the “Great War” (1914-1918) was a terrible disaster that killed more than 9 million soldiers and destroyed a bigger part of Europe. There is a video that speaks about this terrible disaster: (one in spanish and other in english)

There is a map of two sides
Central Powers: Germany, Austria-Hungary and Ottoman Empire
The Allied forces: Great Britain, United States, France, Russia, Italy and Japan.

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Ebola and other African diseases theories

As we have been informed in the news, the media, the internet, and other sources of mass information, the ebola has appeared again, and is killing lots of people in Africa. But was this the first pandemy in the African continent? Which are the origins of this disease? Was there such polemic when de AIDS appeared? There have been lots of theories about these disgraces, some of them even related to aliens! Here I will explain the theories that are being discussed abou the origins and solutions to this crisis

1. Main diseases and characteristic Let’s start making a little ranking and talking a bit about the most dangerous and infectious diseasesin Africa.

a) Syphilis

This disease, which kills more than 12 million people every year, is know for the rash that appears in the skin, with an extremely high contagion rate because of the poor sexual education on those countries. It spreads through the body fluids, such as blood.

b) Tuberculosis

This disease, which kills after a long period of debilitating the owner, is the most common one in Africa. 3 of 4 people that you cross in the street may have passed it once. It spreads through the air.

c) Malaria

The contagion of this disease is due to the mosquitoes in Central Africa. This disease kills quickly the victims, specially in Congo.


Its contact is the same way as the syphilis, but it is even more common in our world, specially between the people who have homosexual relationships, which, due to poor sexual education, spread the disease, debilitating the inmunological system. This disease does not kill itself, but it can help other diseases to do it so.

e) Ebola

It’s start was near Sierra Leona, first discovered in 1976. It attacks the breathing system, and also makes internal hameorragia. Three times, a huge pandemy has appeared in Africa, but this new one seems greater that the previous two ones. It has killed nearly 5000 people currently. Its spreads through direct contact with body fluids.

2. Origin of the ebola pandemic (main hypotheses)

Many hypotheses are discussed about the ebola, some of them even talk about the US Government to have something to do with these viruses (I will explain this later on). Other ones talk about simpler things, such as a monkey disease, or that it comes from a river. These are the ones that had more support from the experts – Eating Some Bad Bat As it was said in the media, the first animal that started the contagion was some kind of fruit-eating bat. In lots of villages, bats are haunted, cooked and eaten without any kind of proper higienic condition. This might be a more sustainable theory that the first one that was told in the media, about the bat attacking villagers (this bat species are frightened of humans, and the do not attack them execpt in some cases. This could not create a huge population of ill people, but a few of them).

Paniki (Fruit Bat) meat cooked in spicy Rica green chilli pepper. An exotic Indonesian dish.

– Corpses are the key “You can’t test every single animal, so we used information from historical outbreaks to figure out how to help the field response team focus their effort,” Sarah Olson, a Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS). This Society made a study in corpses of savage animals (specially in bats), but also in some monkey species. “This study digests over 30 years of accumulated knowledge so field teams can arrive informed and prepared,” Author Damien Joly states. After this studio, it became more reasonable to think that the corpses of gorillas and chimpanzees could be the main transmissors of the illness.

– As we have said before, the main type of ebola started in Sudan and Congo, in a river of the same name Ebola. This might be a mixture of bad conditions and habits related to the waters in this river, which are contaminated (maybe) with animal excrement and corpses, with diseases we still don’t know

3. Humanitary Help

Lots of countries have sent some humanitary help, headed by the most know organisations, such as Médicos sin fronteras, but it is very little. Spain has not even donated a million euros, because of the “crisis” that affects all the developed countries. Red cross is the organization with the most effectives in the country. Lots of christian orders have moved there too, to help in whatever they can, but with the money that is sent, little can be done, and most of the equipment is no enough.

4. Why is this so alarming

The appearance of ebola might be one of the problems that leave us on evidence about what matters us, what not. Ebola started in Africa, where the attemps to stop it were very little. But when it reached Spain, things changed. World media was following Teresa Romero’s state (the infected nurse), talking about the biggest crisis in this century. But when she passed through it, this problem just dissappeared. What does this show us?

Africa is not a problem. No one matters really about what happens in the most poor continent of the planet. When it arrived here, paranoia appeared everywhere, talking about the security in our country, and demanding an investigation. When the illness ended, ebola topic just dissappeared. Even in the news, there is no word about it. Developped countries just take care of themselves while Africa is dying quickly, and just a few of the are doing something to stop it.

5. Conspiracy Theories

This disease is affecting specially in Mali, Sierra Leona and Guinea, and all this territory has received the name of “the Death Triangle”. This fast expansion of the disease has carried to the people all over the World some theories that involve gorvernments of rich countries in several ways.

One of the most popular theories is about the MH-17 flight which was destroyed in Ucrania, in July 2014. Glenn Thomas died in this accident, the main expert in AIDS and specially in ebola. He worked in the researching trials that were held in a biological weapon lab in Sierra Leona, were the pandemy started, and who worked with the US government. One of the theories say that he was executed to silence him, to maintain the silence about the creation of the virus in those labs.

Another one talks about the invisible war that confronts the US and China for African resources, because in 2013 China became the country with most foreign inversions globally, over the US. That’s why the US, thanks to the new pandemy, has reinforcered his military bases in Africa, so it is believed that his interests aren’t just helping the country.

Other theories, that surprisingly are very extended, talk about the Illuminati, about a plan to establish a New Order, and that it has been planned, or maybe to control global demography, to avoid the overpopulation that will be happen in the future.

6. References

Tourism, a way to discover or destroy reefs?

Without any exception, tourists use to pick up samples to take them back as a souvenir of their amazing trip. The habit of picking up corals it’s not so determinative to completely destroy them but matching with other practices, ones like spill pollutant fluids, “this accelerates the rhythm of the reefs destruction” claims a group of biologist of the Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico. The exploitation without limits, subdue corals to a strong pressure. Reefs are only 2% (32 km more or less) of the coast strip which has a length of 1.580 km of this country, on account of National Development Agency, Investigation and Aquatic Resources (NARA).descarga

 Making a superficial investigation about damaged reefs, it’s possible to find one of the most damaged reefs in the coast of Sri Lanka. In Hikkaduwa 60 km far from Pollhena,it’s a very attractive area for tourists and as a consequence of the abundance of them, locals have increase in size the magnitude of tourism attraction adding ferryboats with the motor in the rail to let visitants get closer to this submarine amazing world, they carry tourists incessantly to the most popular reef of Sri Lanka. The trip  just gets three minutes to get there and even less to return. “They are destroying them, without taking any care” affirms Somadasa de Silva a conservationist and specialized diver who fights to preserve the complex ecosystem.

“Boats circulate with high speeds around reefs and they disturb marine-ecosystem. When it happens regularly, the damage is enormous” regretted de Silva. People without any type of experience not only sail between corals but also spelt fuel and other harmful fluids. Tourists use to have the habit of taking small pieces of corals as a souvenir and decoration, added De Silva. However, the problem does not only last in the southern coast. In the northern peninsula of Jaffna, government had to place some hikkaduwa-coral-reefpolice patrols to control the visitants who arrive to Naga Deepa, the famous budist temple placed next to a reef, to make sure that they won’t nor pick up nor buy corals. In passed times, locals use to pick up all kind of corals to make business with them, they got great amounts of money in exchange of those heirlooms.

“The problem is that people unknown the value of the corals” emphasized Sumedha Kulatunga owner of a tourism resort of Pollhena.

Reefs have always been considered as the jungles of the ocean of them function, they have a huge biodiversity and are places in which big quantity of fish sort reproduce.

 Since 1950 the 19% of the reefs disappeared and another 20% are in danger to be extinct in the following 20 to 40 years, on account of “Coral Reefs Statute of 2013”. The submarine exploitation, the unstoppable crop and the destructive fishing are the main causes of the reefs death (NARA). It can only be restricted the disrespectful fishing with inadequate nets and sometimes with the use of dynamite in the most close reefs.1166054

The death of corals in Sri Lanka pushed the dispparition of 5.000 years old reefs, especially in the southern-east of the country, the most populated party of the country. On account of professional divers that use to dive in Hikaaduwa, more than a 50% of the corals are in danger “It’s possible to see directly how damaged they are” claims De Silva again.

Apart of its ecological value, reefs protect coasts against tsunami phenomena as it happened in 2004. It worked as a barriere reducing damages.

To prevent this dispparition numerous ONG’s promote campaigns against the bad use of the reefs introducing high fines to all those who are responsible for it.

We all live in the same ecosystem, and we only have one, let’s save it!



Things went from bad to worse in Japan

On March 11, 2011, a magnitude 9.0 earthquake, known as the 2011 Tohoku earthquake, struck Japan, which was followed by a water and nuclear disaster. According to Becky Oskin, it was not the largest nor deadliest earthquake and tsunami to happen this century, but it was especially devastating for a country seismically active like Japan as few scientists expected such things to happen. The previous worst earthquake in Japan was an 8.3 magnitude earthquake that happened in Kanto in 1923, which killed 143,00o people. 7.2 magnitude Kobe earthquake killed 6,4000 people in 1995. However, in Tohoku earthquake less than 10 percent of the victims were due to the quake, as most of them (15,840 people) drowned, as UNESCO states. Read more of this post

Ezbeharraren ordua Haitin

Dominikar Errepublikako Kartografiaren inguruko proiektu bateko kideak, Pedro Pablo Hernaiz Huertak hain zuzen ere, 2010eko urtarrilaren 12an Haitin gertaturiko lurrikararen berri eman zuen “El Pais” aldizkarian. Sarrera honen bidez, orokorrean lurrikarak zergatik gertatzen diren azaltzen du, jarraian Antilletako herrialdeko ezbeharra adibidetzat hartuz. Aditu honek dioenez, lurrikarak aktibo dauden failen mugimenduen ondorioz sortzen dira, hau da, failen alde bietan kokaturiko blokeetan hainbat hamarkadetan pilaturiko energia elastikoa askatzen da P eta S honda motak sortuz. Azkenik lurrazala ukitzean, suntsiketa handiak sortzeko arriskua duten gainazaleko honda bihurtzen dira. Jarraian, hondamendi naturalaren azalpena irudien bitartez:


Lurrikaren prozesua

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Why was the earthquake in Haiti so destructive?

Many experts such as Jian Lin, Carrieann Bedwell or John Bellini agree that the magnitude 7.0 earthquake that so badly damaged Haiti in 2010 was the result of a combination of deadly factors. Haiti was devastated by an earthquake on January 12, 2010 at 16:53 local time. Despite the fact that it has not been the strongest earthquake in the past few years (the magnitude 8.8 earthquake in Chile, for instance), it was an enormous humanitarian and economic catastrophe that hit severely an extremely impoverished country, which according to the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies affected up to 3 million people. Hispaniola, the island that comprises Haiti and the Dominican Republic, is close to the junction area of two tectonic plates (the North American and the Caribbean) and it is said to be one of the most complex places in the Earth from a geodynamic perspective. Read more of this post

Philippiness, the struggle of a country

The 10 november of 2013 was a horrifying date to all filipinos, it was the tragic day that a typhoon named haiyan (here known as Yolanda) destroyed everything they have. The estimated number of deads are 10.000 and over 10 million people were severaly affected, without any food or drink to survive.

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The devastating natural phenomena

The severe damage of Hurricane Katrina in some places of the United States, which was considered by The National and Atmospheric Administration as one of the most devastating natural disasters in the country; the maximum alert situation in the Italian island of Sardinia due to the deadly floods in mid November, which were caused by an unusual cyclone named Cleopatra and killed at least 17 people in the first three days as well as provoking the evacuation of thousands of people; the devastating Typhoon Haiyan, which according to the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs have affected to 14.12 million people until mid December.  These are just some examples of how nature can show its unpredictable character and turn against humanity. Besides being a deadly phenomena, the hurricanes may cause serious damage in terms of economy, material goods, in nature and, of course, in people. Read more of this post