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Category Archives: Globalization

World Day Against Child Labour

Last Sunday 12th June, one of those international days that try to attract wide world interest on essential facts was celebrated. It was especially remarkable, as it was International Day Against Child Labour, a day to remember article 32 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, which establishes that it is the state’s responsibility to protect children from economic exploitation and from performing any work that is likely to be hazardous or to interfere with the child’s education, or to be harmful to the child’s health or physical, mental, spiritual, moral or social development.

The promulgation of this convention as a Law in 1990 ended the efforts of progressive awareness started in the Renaissance to protect childhood from hard jobs and promote their education and health, especially needed with theemergence of the Industrial Revolution and the use of children as cheap labour. Since 20th century, western world adopted the idea of childhood as a social good that must be protected and respected to get its optimal development, health and education to promote progress. But nowadays in a changing social and economic situation, we are surprised to know that many commonly used products are manufactured by child labour in other places.

Sin título

Regarding this commemoration, we should think at least about two different aspects. One is about the validity of the last indicators (from 2012) released by the International Labour Organization, indicating that 168 millions of children work (11% of global child population), more than half on dangerous jobs, as the extraction and handling of hazardous substances, as cobalt for mobile batteries, collection of tea and coffee, gold mining, clothes and shoes manufacturing, sorting through garbage, etc.… and the lack of interest shown by the poor update of the figures.

The other issue to think about is that the world changes and faces migration crisis, people escaping from war, violence or poverty, and this may break the idea that child labour is a phenomenon of distant countries in Asia, Pacific or Sub-Saharan Africa, and it may reach the outskirts of Europe, affecting not only to minorities traditionally unconnected to the education system, but also to refugees.

This is a dull crisis, in an exceptional situation that lead some European borders to be closed, in countries that used to accept refugees with the same rights as any western citizen. And it is even worse as many of them are redirected to countries like Turkey, where the right to child education is more relaxed. There are many testimonies of employment of 11 to 13 years old migrant children to help sustain their families; children like Ahmad Suleiman, who was reported by the New York Times to be one of the thousands minor refugees working for poor salaries in bad conditions, not attending school, situation close to a kind of extortion or slavery, but understood by others as a help to families with no other resources that the work of their own people.

Fragility of the childhood, which is the reservoir for a full adult life, and needs plenty of links, education and health. What is the future of these lives and these societies growing lost generations?

 

 

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Current streaming greatest TV

If you do not have broadcasting rights for a successful film, create yours. That was the decision of Netflix, the largest TV streaming in the world, who recently announced that from now on will be available in 131 new countries. In practice, that means everyone, with the major exception of China because they will have to wait at least until the end of this year, will be able to enjoy, if payed, its successful productions such as Narcos or Downtown Abbey. This was announced by Reed Hastings, executive director of Netflix, a company based in Los Gatos (California), in the CES, which is the biggest fair of consumer technology in the world located in Las Vegas. Read more of this post

End of Ebola in Africa?

At 14 January of 2016 the WHO (World Health Organization) declared the end of the Ebola virus disease that punched Africa, taking with it millions of African lives. But, is this the end of the Ebola virus in Africa? The WHO insists in the fact that there is no chain of transmission now, at least in West-Africa, but they also warn about the possibility of the appearance of new flare-ups. Many countries were declared free of having the virus, for example Liberia, but this country has had two more outbreaks. Anyway, today there is no infected patient in the most likely countries to have the virus but Dr Alex Gasasira (2016); a WHO representative in Liberia says that “The rapid cessation of the flare-up is a concrete demonstration of the government’s strengthened capacity to manage disease outbreaks. WHO will continue to support Liberia in its effort to prevent, detect and respond to suspected cases.” Read more of this post

Languages: should learn or not?

Learning languages means also to have a close relationship with translation, as it helps connecting different cultures. The importance of languages is becoming more and more outstanding due to the opening of doors that it supposes to get to know an unknown cultural and linguistic environment (Anna Bernacka, 2012). As Bernacka says translation is a way of communication between different cultures, and this leads to a better understanding of social issues and also different cultural ideas. This is why it is very important to get a well use of languages, because they are the key element for the connection between cultures.

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David and Goliath

Today there is talking a lot about the TTIP (Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership), a treaty that is being negotiated now between the United States and the European Union. This treaty is seeking increased trade and investment between the EU and the US creating a large transatlantic market to generate new opportunities internally that greatly benefit all members. But is it really a deal that would benefit all? It is something that many people put into question. Read more of this post

Julian Assange from other points of view

Globalization has carried out an impressive amount of information, the most of mankind´s history. We can see straightly what is happening now in Sydney or in Los Angeles very easily and with a big accuracy. This development of the information exchanging comes from all the devices invented in the 20th century and the improvement of them and, of course, from the invention of Internet. But at this point a question comes to our mind: is there some kind of hidden information? do governments keep in secret some other matters? So here appears the figure of Julian Assange, the creator of Wikileaks a website that has the aim of giving to the people everything all the information hidden by the governments such as how much do they truly invest in the army or some secrets of politician´s private life. Of course, this is legit in a democratic and free world and undoubtely Wikileaks has helped revealing some unbearable aspects of politician´s life but still there are some critics and writers like Mario Vargas Llosa or Fernando Savater who claim exactly the opposite. But what do they argue? For structuring the article, I will use some articles written by Vargas Llosa in his book “La civilización del espectáculo”(2012) and an article written by Fernando Savater called “Transperentes abusos”(2010) and published in the “Tiempo” magazine. Read more of this post

Iraq´s duty for the protection of its minorities

The situation that nowadays Iraq is living is generating a movement of the minorities that inhabit the country. The minorites are denied protection from the Iraqi governmet which is making the International community fail in taking measures to protect them, they have been neglected from their own country, to their own faith, from a country which is kicking out its population. There are a lot of minorities in Iraq which are being expelled from their country because of the unsteady situation that the Middle East is living. Jews an Christians were two of the most settle down minorities in Iraq but today there are a few left in the country and the situation is disastrous. So, as Ali Mamouri states in his article “national reconciliation in Iraq is important, as it would prompt the alliance of minorities to expand its activities; in turn, the alliance could work to further support national reconciliation.” Read more of this post

“Odisea en Sucumbíos: drama de ser refugiado colombiano en Ecuador”

Se entiende por refugiado a toda persona que debido a fundados temores de ser perseguida por motivos de raza, religión, nacionalidad, pertenencia a determinado grupo social u opiniones políticas se encuentre fuera de su  país de nacionalidad y no pueda o, a causa de dichos temores, no quiera acogerse a la protección  de tal país (…) Por su parte la declaración de Cartagena de 1984 amplia dicha definición, (…) personas que huyen de su país porque su vida, seguridad o libertad han sido amenazadas por la violencia generalizada, la agresión extranjera, los conflictos internos, violación masiva de derechos humanos u otras circunstancias que hayan perturbado el orden público. Read more of this post

En el límite del conflicto colombiano: Un asunto regional”

La Frontera colombo ecuatoriana es una de las fronteras más afectadas por el conflicto armado colombiano, que  ha traducido en el aumento del flujo de solicitantes de protección en Ecuador. Pues se estima que hasta septiembre de 2013, alrededor de 170.965 personas solicitaron asilo en el país vecino, según cifras entregadas por el Alto Comisionado de las Naciones Unidas para los Refugiados (ACNUR,2013). Son los departamentos del Putumayo y Nariño los que conforman la línea divisoria de cerca de 640 km, según lo estipulado en el Tratado Muñoz Vernaza-Suárez del 15 de julio de 1916, que separa al estado colombiano de su homólogo ecuatoriano, que tiene como provincias fronterizas a Carchi, Esmeraldas y Sucumbíos. Read more of this post

Criminalidad y urbanismo: Lecciones para las ciudades latinoamericanas

La búsqueda de la seguridad es uno de los temas con más discusión entre los hacedores de políticas públicas en la actualidad en Latinoamérica , no en vano la región es considerada como una de las más violentas del mundo en donde una de las principales causas relacionadas es la alta delincuencia persistente en varios países de la región y en donde pese a tener solo el 8% de la población mundial se dan cerca de un tercio de los homicidios a nivel global (El Espectador, 2015).

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