Social Action Now!

An objective view to worldwide social issues

Category Archives: Controversial laws

The beginning of a generation with less expectations

In this current economic uncertainty horizon, expectations for citizens seem increasingly small and the forecast for future generations points to be dark. Years of economic crisis and globalization have left winners and losers. Among the beneficiaries are old acquaintances: the economic elite. For example, Branko Milanovic and Thomas Piketty, both economists, have been responsible for alerting about the injustice effects caused. Even though few have informed with the frankness of billionaire Warren Buffett, who in 2011 wrote in The New York Times: “While the middle and lower classes fight for us in Afghanistan, while Americans fight for a living, we, over wealthy people, continue to have extraordinary tax breaks.” Read more of this post

Children and guns

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9owzX75ccdU

“My son ben will be six years old forever. Nearly two years ago, Ben was one of the victims of the mass shooting at Sandy Hook Elementary School, where he was killed by a gunman inside his classroom” these is the proof of Ben´s father, David Wheeler to the New York Dialy News.

Handing a Submachine gun to a child is absolutely crazy.

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The number of sick people going to Switzerland to commit suicide has been doubled in four years.

611 foreigners went to Zurich between 2008 and 2012 to end their lives.

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Death penalty: remedy or hypocrisy?

As wrote Luis Javier González the 15th of May of 2014 in the newspaper “El País”, a pregnant woman who had a one year old child was punished with death in Sudan for converting to Christianity.

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Eman aukera bat bakeari

Urko Apaolazaren Argiako artikuluan irakur dezakegun lez “2011n ETAk jarduera armatua uzteko hartutako erabakiaren ondorioz presoen kolektiboak hausnarketa abiarazi zuen. Hainbat hilabeteren ondoren, presoek ziklo aldaketari babesa agertu zioten eta pausoak emateko prest azaldu ziren; baina prozesua ez atzera ez aurrera geratu zen.”

Sakabanaketa argia izan da 25 urteotan, eta konponbide zein bake prozesu bati hasiera eman zaio horren ondorioz. EtxeratImage Elkarteak kaleratu duen azken txostenaren arabera “egun 520 preso daude 79 espetxetan sakabanatuta. Horietatik 80 baino ez daude Euskal Herritik 400 kilometro baino gutxiagora. Bestalde, kolektibotik kanpoko beste 22 preso Langraitzeko espetxean daude.” Sakabanaketaren ondorio latzak pairatu dituztenen artean, presoak ez ezik beraien familiak ere kontuan izatekoak dira, izan ere bidai luze horietan istripu bat baino gehiago izan da “errepideetan presoen 16 senide eta lagun hurko hil dira urteotan”.

Presoei dagokienez, muturreko egoeretan ikusi dira hainbat, gaixotasunei dagokienez. Atentzio falta honen ondorioz “gaixotasun larriak eta sendaezinak dituzten 10 lagun daude egun kartzelan” nortzuk honako arazoengatik etxean egon behar liratekeen. Arazoa hurrengoa da, artikulu honetan bertan irakur dezakegun lez, espetxe erakundeek ez dute legedia betetzen eta beraz, euskal preso asko dira salbuespen neurri hauek jasaten dituztenak.

Gauzak horrela, erantzunak emateko garaia iritsi da eta honen harira, 2014ko urtarrilak 11 honetan irudi historikoa sortu zuten Bilboko kaleetan barrena. Argiak emandako datuen arabera, 130.000 lagun inguruk hartu zuten parte, eta ondorioz Euskal Herrian egindako manifestazio jendetsuena izan zela esan dezakegu. Honez gain, Berriaren arabera aspaldian batu gabeko “EAJ, Sortu, EA, Aralar, Alternatiba eta Geroa Bai alderdi politikoek eta ELA eta LAB sindikatuek ‘Giza Eskubideak. Konponbidea. Bakea’ lelopean” egin zuten deialdia.

“Presoak Euskal Herrira ekartzeko unea iritsi da”, adierazi zuen manifestaldi honen deialdia egitean Amets Martinez ‘Tantaz Tanta’ko bozeramaileak. Eitb-ko web orrialdean jakinaraztera eman zutenez, honako mobilizazioa ez zen manifestazioa besterik izan, ekitaldiz josia egon baitzen eguna. Helburua itsasoa sortzea zen, eta horregatik norbanako bakoitzak tanta bat zeraman berarekin. Hala, Tantaz Tanta itsasoa sortzeko.

Beraz, guzti honi erreparatuz esan dezakegu Euskal Herritarren zati handi batek erantzun argia eman ziola Madrilgo gobernuari, presoen eskubideak behin betiko hobetu daitezen eskatuz.

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 Egilea: Maialen Solabarrieta

Wert´s Law

José Ignacio Wert: «No tenía sentido que hubiera una Historia de España no compartida, es por eso por lo que se ha diseñado la LOMCE (Ley Orgánica para la Mejora de la Calidad Educativa), y confío en que cumpla su propósito.»

Theories about migrations and their perpetuation over the time.

Most people spend their lives in or near the place where they are born. Migrations, historically, have been the exception rather than the rule. Yet, in recent decades, human mobility has become one of the staple components of globalization. Human movements (for various reasons) and transnational practices are today central. These movements affect not only the life trajectories and identities of the people involved, but also those of the whole societies in the sending and receiving countries. Social, economic, and demographic structures are clearly transformed. We could describe our times as “the age of migrations” (Castles). Different theories have been developed to try to explain the phenomenon. None of them explains it fully. Some fragmented theories only explain some factors of them. We need several levels of analysis because they are very complex.

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New abortion law in Spain: 30 years back in History

Fiona Govan is an English journalist working for The Telegraph and collaborating with many other media in Europe, she has written an article about the new abortion law which is going to be approved by the Popular party in some months and is going to make Spain travel 30 years back in History. As she explains in her article, Spain’s conservative government has agreed to ban women from opting freely for abortions, outraging pro-choice campaigners who say the move will take the country back to the 1980s. Of course she is not the only one alarmed by this phenomenon, hundreds of journalists from every corner in Europe are warning the society about the danger this new law will have for Spanish women.

 

She believes that this measure has been taken by the government under pressure of the Catholic Church and with the support of some members of the Government who are extremely religious and conservative. She clarifies how the draft bill approved by the cabinet on Friday will ensure that abortion is only allowed in the case of rape, serious fetal deformity or if the pregnancy presents a grave mental or physical health risk to the mother. “This was in our electoral program,” Mr Rajoy told reporters yesterday in Brussels, where he was attending an EU summit. But she also claims that it is known by everyone that PP had promised in its manifesto for the elections in 2011 that they will apply the 2010 law on this issue, which said that abortion without restrictions was permitted until the 14th week of pregnancy.

Many journalists and experts think that the impact of this new legislation will be hard to avoid, given it will make abortion, as it was prior to 1985 in Spain, an offense – even if the PP insists to emphasize that women who abort will not be punished (every expert speaking about this does not agree with this, of course). Doctors, though, carrying out abortions considered illegal face up to three years in prison.

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A huge part of Spanish society is roughly against this new law, and they have shown their opposition in the last days with a lot of demonstrations in the streets of the capital, Madrid and in many other cities as Bilbao, Barcelona or Málaga. Three protesters were arrested last Friday when hundreds gathered outside government buildings in Madrid and burnt an effigy of Minister of Justice Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón, who as it has already been said, is masterminding this law. All of the principal opposition parties have condemned the proposed new legislation. The Socialist Party’s spokeswoman Elena Valenciano stated: “The law is unnecessary, cynical and unfair because it damages women’s autonomy.” Some claimed the new law, which is likely to pass as the conservative Popular Party have a clear majority in parliament, would lead to “abortion tourism” with women forced to travel abroad for termination or risk their health in illegal clinics. “The changes represent a reversal of our right to decide, which will take us back to another era”, said Feminist Coordinator, an umbrella organization for women’s rights groups, in a statement.

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As Rafael J. Alvarez explains in his article, PSOE party is asking for help to the European Union in order to declare nule this law. They are trying to convince European government that this law will create enormous problems for Spanish women.

References:

–          Alasdair Foteringham (December 2013),”New hardline abortion law prompts protest across Spain” http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-families/health-news/new-hardline-abortion-law-prompts-protests-across-spain-9020190.html. Retrieved on December 2013

 

–          Maria R. Sahuquillo /  Fernando Garea  (May 2013) “Abortion: a trip back in time” http://elpais.com/elpais/2013/05/08/inenglish/1368013670_006955.html. Retrieved on December 2013

 

–          Rafael J. Alvarez (December 2013) “El PSOE inicia hoy una “llamada de socorro europea”  antiley del aborto” http://www.elmundo.es/espana/2013/12/26/52bb53a0268e3ea8648b458e.html. Retrieved on December 2013

 

–          Fiona Govan (December 2013), “ Spain approves new restrictive abortion law” http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/spain/10531811/Spain-approves-new-restrictive-abortion-law.html. Retrieved on December 2013

The reaction to SINDE and SOPA Laws: Anonymous.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q0YWM5ssB7Q

Continuing with the topic of ”Anonymous” as a new non-political and revolutionary group, I have found and interesting link about this movement: if we follow this link we can see a video, which has been uploaded by the Youtube user Alexcastaneda70, talking about how does the ”Anonymous Movement” see the Sinde and Sopa Laws in Spain. As my groupmates Xabier Palacios and Diego Marcos published in our collective blog “Anti-Downloading Laws” (and as Alex Castaneda says in his post “Mensaje Anonymous Ley SOPA y Ley Sinde (Enero 2012)” in ”Ciudadano Anonymo”), these two laws were approved by the government in 2010-2011 to make people buy the music/films that artists produce instead of watching/listening it in the Internet, making sure that those artists keep getting the 100% of the money they would may make with their original products.

Nevertheless, for Anonymous (and I would say, for everybody who enjoys music and films) the problem to be solved here is the exorbitant price you have to pay for a CD or a DVD. In fact, if the music/film producer companies are able to stablish those incredibly high prices is because of the people who still buy them.  Those companies know that no matter how much they raise the prices, people would keep buying their products, specially if they cannot obtain the CDs they want by any other means. What it is more, this new movement believes that these Anti-downloading Laws are an evident attempt against the freedom of expression that the Internet has offered since it was opened for the mass.

Anonymous seems to be a forgotten demonstrating group right now, but I am sure that, at least, some parts of their messages remain in everybody’s mind. As a personal opinion, I would like to comment that the message that this group of hackers is trying to send goes beyond than a simply recognition about downloading in Internet; as it is said in the video I have shared with you: “(…) The most complicated issue about this situation, is the interest that SOPA law’s promoters have in developing it to be difficult to understand for the common citizen.” And it is  known for everybody that rhetorical tricks such as this are commonly used in politics, so here we have found a possible question for the people who really likes this topic: is Anonymous wrong or should this movement keep on acting against some governmental decissions?

Author: Laura Jiménez Almeida

Deusto University, 2º LLMM

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