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An objective view to worldwide social issues

Category Archives: Third World Problems

World Day Against Child Labour

Last Sunday 12th June, one of those international days that try to attract wide world interest on essential facts was celebrated. It was especially remarkable, as it was International Day Against Child Labour, a day to remember article 32 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, which establishes that it is the state’s responsibility to protect children from economic exploitation and from performing any work that is likely to be hazardous or to interfere with the child’s education, or to be harmful to the child’s health or physical, mental, spiritual, moral or social development.

The promulgation of this convention as a Law in 1990 ended the efforts of progressive awareness started in the Renaissance to protect childhood from hard jobs and promote their education and health, especially needed with theemergence of the Industrial Revolution and the use of children as cheap labour. Since 20th century, western world adopted the idea of childhood as a social good that must be protected and respected to get its optimal development, health and education to promote progress. But nowadays in a changing social and economic situation, we are surprised to know that many commonly used products are manufactured by child labour in other places.

Sin título

Regarding this commemoration, we should think at least about two different aspects. One is about the validity of the last indicators (from 2012) released by the International Labour Organization, indicating that 168 millions of children work (11% of global child population), more than half on dangerous jobs, as the extraction and handling of hazardous substances, as cobalt for mobile batteries, collection of tea and coffee, gold mining, clothes and shoes manufacturing, sorting through garbage, etc.… and the lack of interest shown by the poor update of the figures.

The other issue to think about is that the world changes and faces migration crisis, people escaping from war, violence or poverty, and this may break the idea that child labour is a phenomenon of distant countries in Asia, Pacific or Sub-Saharan Africa, and it may reach the outskirts of Europe, affecting not only to minorities traditionally unconnected to the education system, but also to refugees.

This is a dull crisis, in an exceptional situation that lead some European borders to be closed, in countries that used to accept refugees with the same rights as any western citizen. And it is even worse as many of them are redirected to countries like Turkey, where the right to child education is more relaxed. There are many testimonies of employment of 11 to 13 years old migrant children to help sustain their families; children like Ahmad Suleiman, who was reported by the New York Times to be one of the thousands minor refugees working for poor salaries in bad conditions, not attending school, situation close to a kind of extortion or slavery, but understood by others as a help to families with no other resources that the work of their own people.

Fragility of the childhood, which is the reservoir for a full adult life, and needs plenty of links, education and health. What is the future of these lives and these societies growing lost generations?

 

 

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Freedom of religion in America

The first Amendment to the United States states Freedom of religion what means freedom to hold an opinion or belief, but not to take action in violation of social duties or subversive to good order. The statute’s opening lines reflect the American founder’s mastery of language and clarity of thought. The new is that this weekend some Americans have been remembering what really religious liberty means. January 16th is the Religious Freedom Day because it is the anniversary of the day when Thomas Jefferson reached one of his most important and greatest achievements, ranking with the Declaration of Independence: “the approval of a state” in his State, Virginia. religious-symbols Read more of this post

End of Ebola in Africa?

At 14 January of 2016 the WHO (World Health Organization) declared the end of the Ebola virus disease that punched Africa, taking with it millions of African lives. But, is this the end of the Ebola virus in Africa? The WHO insists in the fact that there is no chain of transmission now, at least in West-Africa, but they also warn about the possibility of the appearance of new flare-ups. Many countries were declared free of having the virus, for example Liberia, but this country has had two more outbreaks. Anyway, today there is no infected patient in the most likely countries to have the virus but Dr Alex Gasasira (2016); a WHO representative in Liberia says that “The rapid cessation of the flare-up is a concrete demonstration of the government’s strengthened capacity to manage disease outbreaks. WHO will continue to support Liberia in its effort to prevent, detect and respond to suspected cases.” Read more of this post

A view of the Israeli problem from politics to social media

The identity is a very muddling term and has a lot of explanations and definitions from different perspectives, from sociology to history and philosophy. For instance, Jean-Pierre Warnier claims that the identity is “a combination of action, language and culture repertories that allows a person to identify his/her belongings with a social group”. As a conclusion, we could say that there are lots of identities worldwide, with their own features and ideologies. At this point, it is confirmed and assumed that there is not a real problem with this concept, but the problema could be seen when two identities do not understand each other and the confrontation starts. In fact, this is what currently is happening in Israel between Palestinians and Israelis. To show the real reach of the issue I am going to take three articles from national newspaper( La escalada de violencia desata tensiones xenófobas en Israel published by El Pais in october 22, Kerry confía en que la tensión se rebaje tras reunirse con Netanyahu by El Pais in october 22, and Israel advierte de que habrá “tolerancia cero” a los ataques transfronterizos y el tráfico de armas en Siria by Europa Press in november 3 of 2015) one from an noth-american source (The Facebook Intifada published in the New York Times in november 3 of 2015) and, finally, one from Al-Monitor, a middle east focused website, called Will social media spark a third intifada? and published in october 12 of 2015 Read more of this post

No religions, no wars. How valid is this argument?

It is normally considered to be an atheistic statement  to say that with less religions there would be less wars but it is also very superficial to affirm this because we would have to analyse all the wars that broke out throughout the history and tell whether they had been caused by economic/political reasons or religious conflicts. I was driven to talk about this topic after the terrorist attack in Paris where 3 armed men, muslims, who had been fighting in Syria with the Islamic State, assaulted the house of the French satirical magazine, Charlie Hebdo: it would not be probably wrong to say that this atrocious act could have been avoided if Islam did not exist but it would also be a very reductionist approach to reality. The aim of this post is to discuss whether or not religions have endangered the world, especially in these last decades where extreme religious groups have been doing terrible terrorist attacks.  Read more of this post

Je ne suis pas Charlie.

Je suis Charlie, I am Charlie in French, three words that have been repited all over the world for the past week and a slogan endorsementing freedom of speech and press. After the terrorist attack in the headquarters of the satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo, the whole world, incluiding presidents from different countries, have been supporting the magazine and its editors defending that the magazine is the definition of freedom of speech. The question is, is it really?

One of the most important values that we are taugth when we are young is that respect should be a number 1 thing in our lives. Respecting a religion, a point of view, a culture, a person as a whole, should be something. What is the most surprising is how most people, by supporting the magazine, also support Charlie Hebdo’s offensive cartoons, of in this case, Muhammad, an Islamic prophet who to muslims, is supposed to be the last prophet sent by God to the world. Shouldn’t religion be respected?

I am by no means defending any terrorist organization. Defending your beliefs should never bring you to kill anybody. But being a religion such an important topic, being something millions of people grab a hold of just to keep living, shouldn’t be something to ridiculize.

Islam has many dos and don’ts and one of said dont’s is to never draw Muhammad. It is truly disrespectful for them, and satirical magazines like Charlie Hebso itself don’t seem to understand.

Freedom speech is the right to communicate your opinions to other people. Giving your opinion should never offend a person as hard as offending their religion beliefs. That is the reason why I am not Charlie Hebdo.

Say no to terrorism attacks, but also say no to disrespect.

SOURCES

I got a heart.

Every day, an average of 18 people die waiting for a lifesaving organ transplant, according to the US Department of Health and Human Services.

The problem is that there are to many patients awaiting for a heart and fewer donors. Doctors recur to the Berlin heart for smaller children and Thoratec HeartMate II for adults, which help doctors to keep their patients alive. It is revolutionary as it has prevented many deaths of awaiting donors.

The past Christmas, occurred a wave of “holiday donation”, it was believed that patients with the electronic heart who were in a prior position in the waiting list would receive their transplant. It was a prediction made by doctors who are dwelling with the stagnation of heart transplant donors, the reason it was made is because doctors believe that during the holidays there are more accidents, suicides “or something of the sort” that create more donors as stated by the cardiologist Dr.Parag Patel.

An experiment was made by the doctors dividing the holiday months and non-holiday months. The results were contradictory: there were more transplants in the month of July than in December, in fact according the to the CDC suicide rates are lowest in December. However, Dr.Parag stated that the deaths in July were young people who died from non-natural death ( gunshots…) so he concluded it there was nothing different from the holiday donors.

Other features influence the transplant donations but the most accurate is that predictions can not be made. Donors are becoming scarce especially because only 1% of people who die sign in the organ donor list and the final decision in made by the family.

Transplants are subjects that don’t wait, they don’t have the physical time to wait for a thought out decision made by the donors, the doctors or the recipients ( as vital organs can only live 40 hours to it maximum after the person’s death).

Heart transplant procedure

REFERENCE:

Klein, J. (2014, December 24). The Myth of Holiday Heart Transplants. Retrieved January 9, 2015, from http://motherboard.vice.com/read/holiday-hearts

The number of sick people going to Switzerland to commit suicide has been doubled in four years.

611 foreigners went to Zurich between 2008 and 2012 to end their lives.

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Death penalty: remedy or hypocrisy?

As wrote Luis Javier González the 15th of May of 2014 in the newspaper “El País”, a pregnant woman who had a one year old child was punished with death in Sudan for converting to Christianity.

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